Bodrum is a gorgeous town on the southern Aegean Coast of Turkey and is 4KM away from Kos, an island in Greece. Therefore you could cross between the 2 countries easily by taking a Kos to Bodrum ferry.
If you are already in Turkey and plan to travel by bus to Bodrum, there are many intercity bus services connecting Bodrum with other major cities like Istanbul (13 hours), Izmir (4 hours), Ankara (10 hours), Antalya (7 hours) and also Konya, Bursa or even Adana.
Getting around Bodrum could be done easily with the help of Dolmus, a type of local shared taxi following a fixed route. These are also known as one of the cheapest ways to travel in Turkey.
Today, Bodrum is one of the highly visited cities in Turkey and the surrounding Bodrum Peninsula has much to offer.
Castle of St Peter
The most visited monument in Bodrum is the well-preserved Bodrum Castle, built between 1402 and 1437 by the Knights Hospitallers of St John. The castle is pretty and the views are remarkable, with various impressive towers, like the English Tower that has a sculpted lion on the west wall and the Gatineau Tower that leads to the dungeon. During the Ottoman reign, the castle had fallen into the hands of the Turks and therefore a mosque was built within.
The castle today operates as a museum with many of it vast halls displaying exhibits of Bodrum’s Museum of Underwater Archaeology. The exhibits were well preserved and clearly laid out and the artifacts are accompanied with slick multimedia displays.
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was once one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The impressive 46 meters high structure was built by Artemisia in 355 B.C but was destroyed in an earthquake and the ruins were then used in building the Halikarnassus Castle. Many reliefs and statues could still be found in The British Museum in London.
The mausoleum is located a short walk uphill from the marina where you can find a peacefully set garden and a scaled model of the original mausoleum structure.
The Myndos Gate was built during the reign of King Mausolus and was the scene of many great battles and bloodsheds during the siege of Alexander the Great. Today, the gate is the only last remaining of the once sturdy fortress walls of King Mausolus that wrapped the ancient city for 7KM.
You could still find plenty of small ruins nearby, a few scattered tombs, mosaic fragments as well as some sparse remnants that could make up an interesting hour of exploring.
Another ancient structure built during the reign of King Mausolus but was not competed until the Roman era is the Bodrum Amphitheatre. It is located on the road to Gumbet and is also very well preserved. This ancient Amphitheater might be considered small by Roman standards but it has the best view out towards the mountains from the upper tier and would hold up to 13,000 spectators during the 4th century. Today during summer time, you might be able to catch events and concert held in this Amphitheatre, so be sure to check it out while your are in town, it is the best way to feel how the theatre would have been used in the grand era of Halikarnassus.
Windmills of Bodrum
Located along the Bodrum peninsula are many white stony windmills lined with wooden planks. They were used mainly to grind flour during the mid 18th century until the late 70s. Most of these windmills could be found around the former fishing port of Yalikavak, on the road to Turgutreis and 7 of them on the hill between Bodrum and Gumbet.
The modern bazaar area of Bodrum is all you need for a retail therapy. Choices of shops are vast, ranging from Turkish textiles to colorful local pottery to dozens of gold shops to snazzy beach wears. Spend a lazy afternoon winding lanes in the bazaar after a morning sunbath is what Bodrum is all about.
Please feel free to contact AlaturkaTurkey.com for more information or check out varies of our tour packages for Bodrum.